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中國正式批準進口馬來西亞冷凍全榴蓮,或將影響泰國榴蓮出口

China officially approves the import of durian from Malaysia, which may affect Thai durian exports

放大字體??縮小字體 ??來源:彭博社??瀏覽次數:102
核心提示:中國正式批準進口馬來西亞冷凍全榴蓮,或將影響泰國榴蓮出口。 China officially approves the import of durian from Malaysia, which may affect Thai durian exports.
根據彭博社6月3日報道稱,據馬來西亞農業部表示,近日中國已經批準進口馬來西亞的冷凍全榴蓮。而在此前,馬來西亞只對華出口了一些榴蓮果肉和果泥。如今整個冷凍榴蓮的出口將會進一步為該國農民擴大市場,并增加他們的收入。
據悉,在過去近十年里,中國進口的鮮榴蓮貨值年均增長約26%,每年大約需要進口30萬公頃的榴蓮。而馬來西亞每年約生產30噸的榴蓮,其中質量上乘的貓山王占了總量23%。但馬來西亞每年僅向中國運送17000噸的榴蓮,只占到其年產量的5.8%。
而在去年8月,中馬正式簽署了冷凍榴蓮整果的出口協議,預計在2019年底,其占比將會從5.8%飆升至三位數。據分析師分析,雖然中國向馬來西亞榴蓮表現出了巨大的需求,但價格不會因此推高,因為許多農民已經種植榴蓮,產量可能會增加。此外,馬來西亞還希望能擴大榴蓮產品的形式,比如冰淇淋和餅干,旨在吸引更多中國消費者的關心。
在馬來西亞榴蓮銷量因中國的準入而大舉推動之際,另一個東南亞國家卻“笑不出來”了,那就是泰國。在過去,泰國是中國榴蓮的主要來源地。2018年,泰國出口了近51.9萬噸的榴蓮,其中60%都賣到了中國。但在進口產品的檢驗標準被提高之后,泰國出口水果的難度便加大了。再加上馬來西亞如今對中國市場“蓄勢待發”,想必泰國未來的出口情況也將更困難。
話又說回來,2018年中馬雙方貿易額達到777.8億美元,中國依舊是馬來西亞最重要的貿易合作伙伴,還投資了不少基建項目。在這樣的基礎上,大馬希望繼續擴大對華的出口也不足為奇。
中國正式批準進口馬來西亞榴蓮2
China has approved the import of frozen whole durian from Malaysia
According to the Malaysian agriculture ministry, bloomberg reported on June 3. Previously, Malaysia had only exported some durian pulp and puree to China, now the whole frozen durian export will further expand the market and increase the income of the country's farmers.
The value of fresh durian imported by China has grown by an average of 26% annually over the past decade. about 300,000 hectares of durian are imported each year. Malaysia produces about 30 tonnes of durian a year, with the top-quality musang king accounting for 23%. But Malaysia ships just 17,000 tons of durian to China each year, just 5.8 percent of its annual production.
China officially approves the import of durian from Malaysia
In August last year, China and Malaysia signed an export agreement on frozen whole durian fruit, which is expected to soar from 5.8% to triple by the end of 2019.While China is showing huge demand for durian from Malaysia, the price won't push up as many farmers already plant durian and production is likely to increase, according to analysts. Malaysia also hopes to expand durian products, such as ice cream and biscuits, in an effort to attract more Chinese consumers.
While Malaysia's durian sales have been boosted by Chinese access, but which is a bad news for Thailand.In the past, Thailand was the main source of durian in China. In 2018, Thailand exported nearly 519,000 tons of durian, 60 percent of which went to China.But it has become harder for Thailand to export fruit after inspection standards for imported products were raised. Additionally, Malaysia is now primed for the Chinese market, and Thailand's export situation is expected to be more difficult in the future.
In 2018, china-malaysia trade reached 77.78 billion U.S. dollars. China remains Malaysia's most important trading partner and has invested in many infrastructure projects.On this basis, it is not surprising that Malaysia hopes to continue to expand its exports to China.
Chinainout is the biggest platform for durian and other fruits business promotion in China.
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